Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) IT

About IT Industry in India | Information Technology | Bachelor in IT | Master in IT

The Information Technology & Information Technology Enabled Services (IT-ITeS) sector is a field which is undergoing rapid evolution and is changing the shape of Indian business standards. This sector includes software development, consultancies, software management, online services and business process outsourcing (BPO)

According to an article in the Times of India, India's liberalization was possible due to its IT industry. In the 1990s, the industry started off with an export of nearly $100 million with around 5,000 employees. Now it is an industry that thrives globally and India's IT exports are now around $70 billion with 2.8 million employees working in this sector. The article states that the IT sector is one of the top two industries in the country today.

India's IT industry is expected to grow at a rate of 12 - 14% during 2016 - 2017 as per a report by India's software industry body National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM.) This clearly shows that information technology is a sector which will likely be one of the emerging markets in the days to come as India's economy requires more hardware, software and other IT services. In a NASSCOM-McKinsey report, India's position in the global offshore IT industry is based on five factors - abundant talent, creation of urban infrastructure, operational excellence, conducive business environment and finally, continued growth in the domestic IT sector.

The IT industry is heavily influenced by factors like the global market and sustenance of its rate of growth. The recession in the United States also impacted the IT community in India negatively. This segment is promising and has vast potential, but there are concerns regarding the demand-supply gap, which is widening. Some challenges which the industry is facing are inadequate infrastructure, tax issues and limited preferential access for local firms. China and Taiwan are examples of low cost destinations, and India needs to change its current tax structure so that it can outdo competition from other countries.

One of the biggest benefits that the computer and IT industry provides in India is the employment it can generate. Other benefits are export and Foreign Direct Investments (FDI). New markets have opened up in the Middle East, Africa, Eastern Europe, and South and South East Asia. India is now a major destination for IT outsourcing. There is no dearth of IT job opportunities in India. In fact, India is expected to overtake the US to have the most number of software developers in 2018 (52 lakh developers in India against America’s 42 lakhs.)

The top IT companies in India that offer job opportunities in this field are Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Wipro Technologies, Cognizant, Yahoo!, Google, Tech Mahindra, Infosys Technologies, HP ,Capgemini, iGATE Patni, Accenture, L&T, EY, Convergys, MphasiS, Genpact, HCL Technologies and Godrej Infotech. Cities like Bengaluru, Delhi, Noida, Gurgaon, Hyderabad, Chennai, Bombay and Cochin are some of the places which have developed into potential IT hubs of the country, thanks to the presence of these top IT companies. These are now key players which contribute to the growth of the Indian economy through telecommunication, software development, design, mobile commerce, e-commerce, BPO and knowledge process outsourcing (KPO).

The IT industry is one which is not limited to software development alone. Technology can be applied in libraries, hospitals, banks, shops, prisons, hotels, airports, train stations and many other places through database management systems, or through custom-made software as seen fit.

Among other sectors, the IT sector in India has been driving growth for the last decade and more, and has the potential to continue doing so for the next couple of years if shortcomings are met and challenges are faced.

IT education and careers in India: We have the technology

Whether you're finding a new restaurant using a mobile application or updating your status on your favorite social-media site, computing technology has become engrained in our lives.

You can see then how understanding this technology and the systems on which it runs could be valuable. If you like working with computers and want to learn more about software and hardware, a career in information technology (IT) could be right for you. IT gives you the chance to design, develop and manage the complex computer-based information systems our world depends on.

India's IT industry is quite robust and continues to see growth. According to the India Brand Equity Foundation (IEBF), the industry is on pace to be worth US$225 billion by the year 2020. IT has been a strong contributor to the country's socio-economic prosperity, and is expected to add 230,000 new jobs in 2012 alone.

Much of the IT industry in India is active in the business process outsourcing sector. IEBF states that foreign companies prefer to outsource their IT needs to India due to its combination of skilled workers and competitive costs. India's biggest IT companies include Tata Consultancy Services, Infosys, Wipro and HCL Technologies, and some of the country's major technology hubs are Chennai, Hyderabad, Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore, which is widely known as "The Silicon Valley of India."

What are some of my IT educational options?

You can consider a broad range of post-secondary information technology studies in India. You could pursue many IT-related undergraduate degrees, with each usually taking 3 to 5 years to complete. Depending on the area of IT you wish to specialize in, here are some options:
  • Bachelor of Computer Applications
  • Bachelor of Science in Hardware & Networking
  • Bachelor of Science in Information Technology
  • Bachelor of Technology (IT)
India has several public university systems dedicated to technology education, as well as the Indian Institutes of Information Technology. At the Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad, you can earn a four-year Bachelor of Technology in Information Technology.

Depending on the institution and its programmes, you could take classes on topics ranging from fundamentals like math and physics to more advanced subjects like computer networking, data structures, network security, computer programming and artificial intelligence. IT professionals may seek additional post-graduate studies in the form of master's or doctoral degrees. You can also pursue certificate programmes targeting a particular aspect of IT.

These are just a few of the many choices you have when looking into an IT education. With so many colleges and institutes offering computer-related education, take your time to make sure you find the best one for you.

What kinds of careers could I find in the IT industry?

Information technology is a huge industry, and while it's possible to have a solid grasp on the subject as a whole, you'll likely find yourself specializing in one of several sub-fields, such as:

Hardware-focused careers:
  1. Desktop support specialist
  2. IT security professional
  3. Network support engineer
  4. Server/system administrator
Software-focused careers:
  1. Application developer
  2. Database designer
  3. E-commerce specialist
  4. Software engineer
India's Department of Electronics and Information Technology has put out a list of several emerging technology fields, many of which may need skilled IT workers in the future, such as m-commerce, digital preservation and perception engineering.


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